Poster/Printing Research… {2}

21/09/16

Printing and its History

Here is a semi-detailed timeline of the history of printing and where it stands today.

One of the oldest methods could be cave paintings from ancient times which still stand today. It counts as the earliest forms of printing.

Block printing is the oldest method where shapes and carved into and out of wood, ink is then applied to this wood pattern. it can be pressed onto paper, fabric, other wood. One colour is used mostly but only well made blocks can hold two colours and make it work out.  It has been used to print wallpapers,  greetings cards and tablecloths. It originated in China.

In the 1240’s Korea developed cast metal movabletype which was used to publish many books.

In the 1300’s europeans developed their first paper that was and could be printed onto.

In 1392 korea came up with a machine that could do bronze casting.

Germany created drypoint engravings in 1465 which had images incised into plates with hard pointed needle of metal or  diamond point.

1476 was when the gutenbergs printing press came out{see posters notes one for more detail}

1550 was when printing started to become more of a use – it was used for wallpapers in england, to print patterns.

Screen printing is one of the many methods of printing. It uses a mesh screen which is fixed onto a wooden frame, a stencil is put under the screen and ink is used and pushed through to the material below it. Stencils are better for blocks of colour. Screen printing is used for posters, display boards and fabrics. {Source}

1955 was the digital printing began its start, a new and easier way of printing to get it done quickly and cleanly – ink is still used.

Letterpress is a form of relief ripening but is not used much due to its time consuming qualities. The fonts are also quite limited,  the parts to be printed are raised up from the base plate.

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