Task One – Architect Festival Poster Research

02/11/16

Printmaking was first created in Chinese art, It did not develop from that into any other techniques until many centuries later. The Chinese art technique was the use of wood blocks and the heavy use of wood block printing. They had simple shapes and patterns carved into wood and covered them with ink, next they pressed it evenly onto paper/wallpapers to create beautiful patterns.

Centuries after, printing developed and fine art  printmaking was created during the period of the german renaissance.

There are three primary principle methods are Relief printing, Intaglio printing and Planographic.

Relief printing is when a background is cute down which leaves a raised image that takes the ink, linoleum and wood are usually used in this technique. To make this the raised part of the wood{or lino} is inked leaving the background be , paper is then pressed onto it to get the inked impression.

Intaglio printing is when an image is either engraved into a metal plate or the metal plate is coated with a wax like acid resistant which is called ‘ground’ and the design is then ‘drawn’ onto with a metal needle.

Planographic is where an entire matrix is involved but only certain areas are made to retain the ink and the best example is lithography in which the design is drawn onto a stone matrix with a greasy crayon, ink is applied to the whole drawing but the ink only really adheres to the grease in the drawing.

Relief printing is used for woodcut, woodblock and engraving.

Intaglio printing uses the opposite process to woodcuts and is used for engraving, etching and drypoint.

Planographic is used for monotyping and digital prints.

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